Archaeologists Uncovered a 2,200-Year-Old Ancient Temple Along The Nile

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Archaeologists Uncovered a 2,200-Year-Old Ancient Temple Along The Nile


A team of archaeologists has been summoned to the Egyptian city of Tama, just north of Sohag, Egypt, on the Nile's western bank, for an unusual discovery: a 2,200-year-old temple which was believed to be from the era of King Ptolemy IV. 

The ancient temple was discovered by construction workers while they were digging for sewer lines. The construction was immediately stopped so the archaeologists could explore it. They found an east-west wall, a north-south wall, and the southwestern corner of the temple. The walls have fragments that mention King Ptolemy IV, the fourth pharaoh of Egypt's Ptolemaic dynasty. The pharaoh, who ruled the country from 221 B.C. to 204 B.C., was known for his unsuccessful reign.


Photo Credit: Live Science


According to Live Science, a science news website that features groundbreaking developments in science, space, technology, health, the environment, culture and history, Ptolemy IV was more interested in carousing. He pretended to be an artist rather than run the kingdom. It was believed that most of his responsibilities as king were given to an ambitious priest named Sosibius. After all, he got the position after he poisoned his mother, Berenice II. 


Photo Credit: Tour Egypt


During Ptolemy IV’s reign, Egypt almost lost its territory in Coele-Syria to its rival, the Seleucid Empire. Eventually, the Egyptian people began to revolt against the pharaoh’s rulership which created instability and deadly fighting. This ended Ptolemy IV’s reign. He died in 204 B.C., and his death was kept secret by Sosibius and his associates for a year. Arsinoe III, Ptolemy's wife and sister, got the position. She was assassinated by the same advisors.


Photo Credit: Live Science


According to the archaeologists, the ancient temple was decorated with carvings of the Egyptian god Hapi, the god of fertility, and the annual Nile River flooding. The deity was believed to have enabled agriculture to flourish in the region in ancient Egypt. These carvings show Hapi carrying offerings while surrounded by birds and other animals.



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