Get To Know These 8 Egyptian Gods And Goddesses

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Get To Know These 8 Egyptian Gods And Goddesses

 

The gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt were a group of complex beings and ideas. Some say that historical events played a role in the overall "shaping" of these Egyptian deities, but as Egyptian culture evolved, so did these gods. Eventually, they were not confined to a specific representation or role. 

Listed below are some of the most popular gods and goddesses from ancient Egypt.

 

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1. Amun-Ra

Described as "the hidden one," the King of Gods named Amun looked after the city of Thebes, but because he was also considered as the creator, he would eventually become Amun-Ra, which was the result of the Sun God merging with an invisible deity that was associated with the Greeks. Some say that this was Zeus himself.

Eventually, Amun-Ra held a commanding presence in the day-to-day lives of Egyptians, all the while providing them with a sense of calm and a personal meaning to their earthly practices. 

 

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2. Osiris

Described as the son of the earth and sky, Osiris was known as the god who was responsible for teaching mankind the secrets of civilization. However, as stated in the Osirian myth, he met his death at the hands of his own brother, only to be resurrected by Isis so she could give birth to Horus. 

Eventually, Osiris became the god of the dead, and was in charge of meeting Pharaohs after their death and guiding them through a journey of spells and challenges in order to get to the afterlife. Experts also believe that Osiris was the god who ended the Egyptian practice of cannibalism, which eventually restored life to Egypt, transitioning them to an agriculture-led life instead.

 

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3. Horus

Known as the falcon-headed god, Horus was respected as the god of the sky, a god of war, and the god of hunting. Egyptian pharaohs were known to be the human embodiment of him and other versions often represent him as the rising run. 

Even though there are various versions of Horus throughout the years, he's mostly regarded as a solar deity and the son of Isis and Osiris, and a long-time rival of the god, Set.

 

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4. Bastet/Sekhmet

The ancient Egyptians were notorious for having an extreme respect for domestic cats. Around 29th century BC, the Egyptians were known to worship the feline goddess Bastet or Bast. Considered as a benevolent deity, Bastet was regarded as the goddess of home, love, fertility, joy, dance, women, and secrets. 

The ancient Egyptians also celebrated Bastet's alter-ego, Sekhmet, which was the warrior lioness. Dubbed as "Sekhmet the Powerful," she was also regarded as the ancient Egyptians' protector since she was considered as the fiercest hunter in all of Egypt whose very breath formed the desert. 

 

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5. Ma'at

Regarded as the Egyptian goddess of truth and balance, Ma'at was responsible for maintaining the balance. Aside from being a daughter of Ra, she is also married to the god Thoth. In Egyptian legends, Ma'at was known to be the goddess who "stepped in" after the universe had been created, where she brought harmony to the earth amidst the chaos and disorder that was happening.

 

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6. Isis

Originally a funerary goddess, Isis was known to be the lover of Osiris. After his death, she used her magic in order to resurrect him. As Horus' mother, Isis is considered as one of Egypt's most powerful gods. Egypt considered her the divine mother of every pharaoh in Egypt, which in a way, is Egypt itself.

Other versions also depict Isis as the representation of the actual throne. Along with her fellow goddesses Hathor and Mut, Isis remains one of the most respected and celebrated female deities throughout Egyptian mythology.

 

Photo Credit: Getty Images (via Learn Religions)

 

7. Anubis

The Jackal-headed god of death and embalming, Anubis was said to be responsible for the weighing of the souls of the dead. It is said that in order to determine whether an individual was worthy to be admitted in the underworld, their heart must not weigh more than the feather of the goddess Ma'at. 

He is also considered as the patron of lost souls and orphans. 

 

Photo Credit: Vocal Media

 

8. Set or Seth

One of the sons of the earth god Geb, this particular Egyptian god was known to be violent. In fact, he even dismembered his own brother, Osiris. Because of this, Set often fought with Osiris' son, Horus, which would eventually lead to one of the classic stories of Egyptian mythology. 

While Horus was in charge of the fertile land in Egypt, Seth was in charge of the Egyptian deserts. Experts also wrote that the red desert belonged to Seth.

 

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