7 Rare Mental Disorders You Probably Haven’t Heard Of

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7 Rare Mental Disorders You Probably Haven’t Heard Of

 

In the US alone, the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) reported that approximately one in five adults experiences mental illness every year. Mental health conditions are real and affect not only millions of people worldwide, but also their family, friends, and even the community. Disorders like anxiety, depression, bipolar, and many more are relatively well-understood. 

However, some conditions are so rare and bizarre that even mental health professionals may have never encountered in their careers. As Concordia St. Paul University said, these rare conditions “span delusional misinterpretations; trauma-induced mental phenomena that range from anxiety to dissociative phenomena and psychosis; reactions to overwhelming experiences; and distinct phenomena following neurologic damage" and maybe “merely a specific form of a more general psychopathology." Here are some examples: 

 

 

Alice in Wonderland Syndrome / Photo by: Online Psychology Guide

 

1 - Alice in Wonderland Syndrome

Also known as Todd Syndrome, this condition causes an individual's sense of space, body image, and/or time to be distorted. People who are suffering from this disorder will hear sounds either quieter or louder than they actually are. They see objects smaller or larger than reality. Also, they lose a sense of accurate velocity or textures. 

 

 

Walking Corpse Syndrome / Photo by: Online Psychology Guide

 

2 - Walking Corpse Syndrome

Sometimes, people who joke about being dead when they are not is normal, however, it could be a sign of Walking Corpse Syndrome. According to an article by All That's Interesting, a site for curious people who want to know more about what they saw on the news or read in history books, this disorder is common among people who have suffered head trauma and schizophrenics. They believe that they either been mutilated in some improbable manner or died. In some cases, they also see delusions of immortality.

 

 

Alien Hand Syndrome / Photo by: Online Psychology Guide

 

3 - Alien Hand Syndrome

At first, many people would believe that Alien Hand Syndrome only exists in a fictional world. However, it also exists in real life. People suffering from this condition experience a complete loss of control of a hand or limb which they call their "alien" limb. Most of the time, this limb takes on a mind and will of its own, attempting to choke either themselves or others. They would also rip clothes or scratch others until they bleed. 

 

 

Capgras Delusion / Photo by: Online Psychology Guide

 

4 - Capgras Delusion

Capgras Delusion is a mental condition that makes people believe that those who are around them have been replaced by imposters. Usually, this is caused by trauma to the brain or those who have been diagnosed with epilepsy, schizophrenia, or dementia. People suffering from Capras Delusion believe that those importers are planning to harm them. 

 

 

Cotard Delusion / Photo by: hunnnterrr via Flickr

 

5 - Cotard Delusion

First described by neurologist Jules Cotard in 1880, Cotard Delusion makes people believe that they are literally walking dead. For them, their body has already lost all blood and internal organs and is decaying. They feel that they have a rotting body and sometimes starve themselves to death. The most well-known case of Cotard Delusion happened in Haiti. The man believed that he had died of AIDS and was in hell. 

 

 

Clinical Lycantrophy / Photo by: Online Psychology Guide

 

6 - Clinical Lycanthropy

People who are suffering from Clinical Lycanthropy believe that they can turn themselves into animals. In most cases, animals include wolves and werewolves, though occasionally other types of animals are included. Since they are convinced that they can become those creatures, they would act like those animals. Often, they are found hiding or living in forests.

 

 

Diogenes Syndrome / Photo by: Online Psychology Guid

 

7 - Diogenes Syndrome

Named after the Greek philosopher Diogenes of Sinope, Diogenes Syndrome is one of the most misunderstood mental disorders. People who are suffering from this have a desire to collect seemingly random items. They also exhibit no shame for their habits, social withdrawal, apathy towards themselves or others, and self-neglect. 

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