|Oppositional defiant disorder is characterized by hostile, disobedient and defiant behaviors directed to adults / Photo by Getty Images|
Having children could be very stressful sometimes. They might be the source of happiness on every married couple’s lives but they could be very handful especially when they throw tantrums and won’t listen to what the parents are trying to say whenever they are being disciplined. Sometimes it is a normal behavior for a child to become disobedient since they haven’t reached their maturity, however, there are cases that their defiant behaviors could become a disorder.
The oppositional defiant disorder is a childhood disorder that is defined by a pattern of hostile, disobedient, and defiant behaviors directed at adults or other authority figures. Good Therapy mentioned on their website that this disorder could also be applied to adults who also display aggressive and defiant behavior towards other people. The oppositional defiant disorder could also affect the way how children socialize with their age group, making it hard for them to gain friends throughout their childhood.
Oppositional defiant disorder behaviors usually appear when the child is at primary school, but the disorder can also be found in children as young as three years of age. A child who has oppositional defiant disorder could express angry and annoying behavior and have frequent temper tantrums which make them prone to have an argument with older people especially with their parents and older siblings.
Children and adults who are diagnosed with the oppositional defiant disorder also tend to be perceived as rule breakers since they are having trouble in following rules and they seem to deliberately aggravate other people. However, Journal Review also mentioned on their website that children couldn’t control this disorder. Children tend to be unaware that what they are doing falls under the category of having a behavioral disorder which is why they need extended care, understanding, and support from their family members.
A Childhood Disorder
According to Very Well Mind, 45% to 84% of children and adolescents who have ADHD also displayed some symptoms which classifies them under oppositional defiant disorder. These people who have oppositional defiant disorder tend to be disobedient to the rules and they sometimes annoy people because they have difficulty in managing and handling their emotions.
The cause of disruptive behavior disorder is unknown, but the quality of the child’s family life seems to be an important factor in the development of the oppositional defiant disorder. Some studies have found that certain environmental factors in the family increase the risk of disruptive behavior disorders.
To distinguish symptoms of ODD from normal childhood or adolescent rebellion, professionals depend on a detailed history of behaviors in various situations. For children younger than five years old, the behaviors should happen on most days for at least six months and for those who are five years old or older, they should happen once a week for six months. Since children with the oppositional defiant disorder may show symptoms only in one setting and they are more likely to display their defiant behavior with people who are really close with them.
More Than Just a Rebellion
The oppositional defiant disorder is more than just a childhood rebellion because there is an involvement of genetics. Research shows that parents pass on a tendency for externalizing disorders to their children that may be displayed in multiple ways, such as inattention, hyperactivity, or oppositional and conduct problems. Adoption and twin studies indicate that 50% or more of the variance causing antisocial behavior is attributable to heredity for both males and females. This disorder also has a tendency to appear in families with a history of other behavioral disorder such as ADHD, substance use disorders, and mood disorders.
Also, deficits and injuries to certain areas of the brain can lead to serious behavioral problems in children. Brain imaging studies have suggested that children with the oppositional defiant disorder may have subtle differences in the part of the brain that is responsible for reasoning, judgment and impulse control. The behavioral inhibition system produces anxiety and inhibits ongoing behavior in the presence of novel events, innate fear stimuli, and signals of non-reward or punishment.
Problems with parenting that may involve a lack of supervision, inconsistent or harsh discipline could also contribute to how oppositional defiant disorder happens in a child. If a child is surrounded by a somewhat chaotic home life, it will be unreasonable to assume that the child could begin acting out as a result. Similarly, if children are exposed to violence or have friends who behave in destructive, reckless manners, those children to are likely to begin displaying behavioral symptoms that correlate with the onset of the oppositional defiant disorder.
It is important for parents to seek proper medical attention for their child before the problems become severe and lead to complications in their lives. Children who do not receive treatment and support for their oppositional defiant disorder may suffer from long-lasting effects such as social isolation, lack of strong friend connection and the inability to build a meaningful relationship with other people.
|Oppositional defiant disorder is hereditary / Photo by Getty Images|