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Deeper Look Into Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

A person exhibiting a an extreme perfectionism, order and neatness is suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCPD) / Photo by Andrey_Popov via Shutterstock.com

 

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder that is characterized by extreme perfectionism, order, and neatness. The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health mentioned on their website that patients who have an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) are having mood improvement when they encounter good scents in general or when they smell fresh laundry, pillows, or home settings. Authors from Sapienza University mentioned that they have coiled a new term called, ‘psychic euosmia’ which means an overstated psychological predisposition for a really pleasant smell that releases an immediate pleasure which could make the person feel calm and at peace.

Healthline mentioned in one of their articles that people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) will also feel a severe need to impose their own standards on their outside environment which making other people misunderstood them and think of them as controlling and overbearing. An obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is often confused with an anxiety disorder called obsessive-compulsive (OCD) but the difference is that people who have OCPD have no idea that there is anything different from the way they think or behave. They believe that their way of living, thinking and doing things is the only correct way and that everyone else is wrong.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is defined by PsychCentral as a mental disorder which main symptoms include obsessions and compulsions, that could drive the person to engage in unwanted, and distressing behaviors and thoughts. Psychiatric medications and psychotherapy are the ways that the person with OCD could do to manage their behavior and ease the trouble of having a compulsive disorder. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder where people feel the need to check things repeatedly, perform certain routines repeatedly or have certain thoughts repeatedly. They usually try to actively dismiss the obsessions or neutralize them by engaging in compulsions or avoiding situations that could trigger their condition. Having compulsions could alleviate the person’s anxiety especially when they are becoming demanding on their needs.

What Causes OCPD?

Experts believe that the cause of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is the combination of genetic and environmental factors. According to a paper published in Psychiatry Research, people with a form of the DRD3 gene under the genetic theory will probably develop OCPD and depression, which happens particularly in the male. Genetic concomitants may lie dormant until triggered by events in the lives of those who are predisposed to OCPD.  these events could include parenting styles that are over-involved and/or overly protective, as well as trauma faced during childhood. Children who experienced trauma at their early age such as physical, emotional, sexual, and other psychological abuse could lead to having an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder when they get older.

Associated Conditions

Most people often confuse obsessive-compulsive disorder and an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder with one another because they almost share the same signs and symptoms. Although, Genetics Home Reference explained that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition which is characterized by features called obsessions and compulsions. Furthermore, having intrusive thoughts, mental images, or urges to perform specific actions fall under the category of having obsessions. People with OCD often feel having fear of illness or contamination and having a desire in arranging things to see symmetry and alignment to satisfy themselves after getting things “just right”. Meanwhile, compulsions are repetitive performances of certain actions which are constituted in relieving anxiety, rather than to seek pleasures as in other compulsive behaviors like gambling, eating, or sex.

Likewise, people who suffer from Asperger’s syndrome is also associated with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder since there are considerable similarities and overlap between Asperger’s syndrome and OCPD. These symptoms include list-making, inflexible adherence to rules, and obsessive aspects of Asperger’s syndrome, though the former may be distinguished from obsessive-compulsive personality disorder especially regarding affective behaviors, worse social skills, and intense intellectual interests. A study revealed that involves autistic adult people found that 40% of those diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome met the diagnostic requirements for a comorbid OCPD diagnosis. In a website called autismspeaks.org mentioned that in 2013, it became part of one umbrella diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder 5 (DSM-5).

Furthermore, stiff and rigid personalities have been consistently linked with eating disorders, especially with anorexia nervosa. In a website called, nedc.com, they explained that anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that is characterized by excessive amounts of restrictions regarding food intake in fear of gaining weight. Divergences between different studies as to the incidence of OCPD among anorexics and bulimics have been found, which may in part reflect differences in the methodology chosen in different studies, as well as the difficulties of diagnosing personality disorders.

Bulimia Nervosa experiences recurrent and frequent episodes of eating unusually large amounts of food and feeling a lack of control over these episodes. This is followed by behavior that compensates for the overeating such as forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise, or a combination of these behaviors.

 

People with OCD feel the fear of contacting illnesses and the desire to arrange things asymmetrical / Photo by Andrey_Popov via Shutterstock.com

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